On Thursday 25th AprĂl 2013 the first year of Biennale of the Experimental Architecture was inaugurated in Jaroslav Fragner Gallery. This trend is not new in contemporary architecture, but in the Czech environment few architects engage in it and neither media and the wider public pay a lot of attention to it. Experimental architecture in the academic environment focuses on new technologies in the design, presentation of the architecture /e.g. the use of new computer programs, 3D printing, etc./ and on pushing the boundaries in the field. In practice its creators dedicate to the possibilities of using new building materials and techniques. Czech audiences probably know best the realisations of Kunsthaus /Peter Cook/ and Murinsel-a cafĂ© with amphitheater /Vito Acconci/ in the middle of the bridge in Graz, the car factory BMW in Leipzig, Phaeno Science Museum in Wolfsburg, or the swimming stadium for last yearâ€˛s Olympic Games in London /Zaha Hadid/. |
The exhibition featured 75 models of ten academic studios in Austria /Vienna and Innsbruck/, Slovakia /Bratislava/ and Czech /Prague/, and ran until 26th May. It was curatorially prepared by Imrich VaĹˇko and Martin Gsandtner, head of the Prague studio Architecture 3 at the University of Applied Arts. â€žBiennale of Experimental Architecture in Prague is an international platform for mapping current trends and methods of architectural design. It was flunder at the end of 2012 by the A3 Studio at the Academy of Applied Arts in Prague and the Jaroslav Fragner Gallery as a response to alternative of the current state of architectural research, which is the result of a radically changing world of new philosophies and technologiesâ€ś, explains Imrich VaĹˇko the reason for the Biennale.
Academic Centers of Research of the Experimental Architecture represented at the Biennale
â—Ź Austria. At the Biennale three Masters and two graduate programs of the Vienna Academy of Applied Arts die Angewandte /IoA/, whose dean is the recognized structural engineer Klaus Bollinger /e.g.construction and technology of Kunsthaus in Graz, or BMW Centre in Munich/. The leaders of Master Studies are prominent personalities of experimental architecture: the youngest and the first Pritzker Prize laureate Zaha Hadid, the winner of the Venice Biennale of Architecture prize Golden Lion-Greg Lynn, and the leader of successful studio Asymptote Architecture Hani Rashid. Students from all over the world are learning technology here /CAD/CAM, the number of courses is even higher than at the Vienna Technical University/, structural design /connection to the latest research and production, thus the practical and economic aspects/, energy design /research and linking of the sustainability and parametric architecture/, building construction /technology and aesthetics of architecture/, theory of architecture and fine arts, digital design and digital production /CNC cutting, laser cutting, 3D printing, new digital production processes and technology/. Graduate programs were led by Herman Diaz Alonso, founder and director of another important institution devoted to Experimental Architecture-Southern California Institute of Architecture, Los Angeles, and Reiner Zettl, a renowned art historian and theorist of experimental architecture, also lecturer at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts.
IoA in Vienna_Zaha Hadid Studio
IoA in Vienna_Greg Lynn Studio
IoA in Vienna_ Hani Rashid Studio
Postgraduate Program IoA in Vienna/Urban Strategies, Excessive_Herman Diaz Alonso
Postgraduate Program IoA in Vienna/Urban Strategie, Urban Technique_Reiner Zettl
Another representative of the Austrian scene is relatively short-lived Institute for Experimental Architecture at the University of Innsbruck founded by Patric Schumacher /partner at Zaha Hadid Architects, who also founded and manages the Design Research Lab at the Architecture Association School of Architecture in London/. The Institute was established on the basis of Schumacherâ€˛s acting in the studio of Zaha Hadid in Vienna, and so it represents â€žthe second waveâ€ś of the research of Experimental Architecture in Austria.
Currently the leadership of the studio was taken over by Marjan Colletti. At the Biennale the projects of students of both the architects were presented.
Marjan Colletti also teaches at the prestigious Bartlett School of Architecture in London, and therefore the Innsbruck Institute is influenced by the Viennese die Angewandte /with the British Professor Hadid and the American Professors Lynn and Rashid/ and thanks to the close interrelationship with the London scene it shifts the access to and research of the Experiment Architecture in a different direction.
Institut fĂĽr experimentelle architektur.hochbau, UniversitĂ¤t Innsbruck_Studio Schumacher
Institut fĂĽr experimentelle architektur.hochbau, UniversitĂ¤t Innsbruck_Studio Colletti
â—Ź Czech Republic. The Czech experimental scene was represented by two studios. MiloĹˇ FloriĂˇn together with LukĂˇĹˇ Kurilla as his assistant has led studio FLOâ”‚W at the Faculty of Architecture at the Czech Technical University in Prague since 2004. The main area of FloriĂˇnâ€˛s interest is glass as a construction material, intelligent building faĂ§ades, the design of free forms, the technology CAD/CAM, and nanotechnology. He also participates in scientific and research activities of the Czech Technical University. Kurilla mainly deals with the problem of finding the synthesis of human intuition and the digital world, and the development of software tools helping the architects especially in the conceptual stage.
Faculty of Architecture CTU in Prague_Studio MiloĹˇ FloriĂˇn â€˘ LukĂˇĹˇ Kurilla_FLOâ”‚W
Petr BlĂˇha_Coral Tower
Martin CĂsaĹ™_Semi-Living Architecture
Dalibor Dzurilla_Prototypal Thermae
Nina Mainer_Palace of Arts
Josef Musil_Tensegrity Pavilion
OndĹ™ej OtĂ˝pka_Tensegrity Tower
Nina PevnĂˇ_Metaballs Pots
Nina PevnĂˇ_Walking Gallery
Jan TĹŻma_Double Reality Performance
The leaders of the second studio are Imrich VaĹˇko and Martin Gsandtner. Studio Architecture 3 at the Academy of Applied Arts in Prague was founded two years ago by their arrival to the University. They have cooperated pedagogically since 2008, led the studio labarch at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bratislava, and since 2011 they have continued to research the process of interactive design and digital penetration of morphomimetic and genetic design. An important part of their design are parametric and algorithmic reflections, performative environments, and CAD/CAM technology.
Academy of Applied Arts in Prague_Studio Imrich VaĹˇko â€˘ Martin Gsandtner_Architecture 3
â—Ź Slovak Republic. The Slovak scene was represented by Peter Stec, graduate of die Angewandte and Princeton University, leader of the Department of architectural creation and the Studio of Architecture II. at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bratislava. The school is open to contemporary influences of Viennese and international discourse, it uses the geographic proximity of academic research die Angewandte to frequent inviting critics and exchanges of information, the proof of which were the models exhibited at the Biennale. They were created in cooperation with studio of Gale Moncayo, an artist and architect of Ecuador, active in Vienna, creating inter alia interactive installations. Moncayo presented the students the latest technology of information work to jodidy the space based on the open electronic platform Arduino. With the implementation the students were helped by the team of programmers Matsuko. The studio presents its new experiments with evolutionary architecture and spaces adjusting the geometry to various influences /from the weather to the noise/ accessible also to the interaction with visitors of the exhibition.
Academy of Fine Arts in Bratislava_Peter Stec Studio II
Information about the Biennale, symposium, cv of professors and studentsâ€˛ work are also published on the new platform